Peace Corps Writers
Becoming a Man in the Sixties
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Becoming a Man in the Sixties
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     The battalion commander, a colonel I grew to respect deeply, was a “lifer” who shaved his head bald each morning and came to work in his card-board starched fatigues early just to harass me: “Repeat after me, Z [his nickname for me]. This is your weapon. That is your gun.” He nagged me daily about my sideburns that reached mid-ear level. But in his profound wisdom, the colonel would transfer me out of combat positions so I wouldn’t have to fire a tank in the European theater gunnery competition and screw up his chance to be battalion champion. I served short tours as company and battalion maintenance officer and battalion executive officer. However, whenever the battalion went to the field for combat maneuvers, he restored my combat status as platoon leader or company commander because I was one of the handful of men in the entire battalion who could read topographic maps. In the meantime, I bribed my weapons’ sergeants so I wouldn’t have to qualify on any of the required “weapons” in person. They would enter passing numbers on my record in exchange for an extra day or two of leave.
     As a tank battalion, my unit was assigned a defensive position about a hundred miles from our base. Just in case the Soviets decided to invade West Germany, our unit was supposed to race to the border and contain the Russians until reinforcements arrived from the U.S. We all knew we would be annihilated within hours by superior Soviet forces, but nobody I knew seriously expected the Russians to upset the Cold War balance of power in Europe. A couple of times a year we rambled out of our maintenance buildings onto the German autobahns, clipping a few private fences and gardens along the way — a five-mile trail of clumsy dinosaurs inching our way toward the border to scare off the Ruskie war machine. We had to pull twenty or thirty tanks to the border each trip because we could never get enough replacement parts to get them running.
     Those of us from OCS were an eclectic bunch of Cold War warriors. I met a handful of dime store philosophers like me, with liberal arts degrees. But most of these men were college graduates in engineering, science, and technical fields. My roommate in Germany, was a Clemson ROTC graduate and consummate wheeler-dealer with an encyclopedic memory for mechanics. He tried to pose as a free-thinker by hanging a Ho Chi Minh photo in our hallway. But he ended up going to Nam. His goal was to serve a tour in a non-combat slot. This would look good on his resume for the future. So as I was heading home, he reenlisted and got his wish. We never exchanged letters, so I’ll never know if he spent his months there behind the lines as a maintenance officer or was assigned to front line combat — or even came home alive.
     After my discharge, I completed some graduate courses, marched a little against the war, and wore armbands — especially after the 1970 Kent State shootings. But mostly I moved on with a full-time job teaching on Long Island and campaigned for George McGovern.

The bold truth is that the Army did not teach me to be a man.
     That lesson was imprinted on my soul while working with the Peace Corps, a year before I ever thought of joining the Army.
     For me, the year 1966 will forever mark my giant leap into adulthood. For the Igbos living in Northern Nigeria, 1966 marks the end of decades of dreams. The country was about to explode into a tempest of stunning slaughter. As many as fifty thousand Igbos were killed in the Northern region during that year. Tens of thousands of Igbo families abandoned their possessions and fled from dozens of cities and villages. Throughout the year, mobs of Northerners attacked systemically, going from house to house killing the Igbos who had remained. Many of my friends, who sent their wives and children to the Eastern Region so they would be safe, stayed on in Yola to run their businesses. Whenever I asked them why they refused to leave, these men replied, “Everything is in God’s hands. I will leave when the time comes.” Most of these men were killed.
     On a dry, sunny day in October 1966, I stepped out of Barclay’s Bank and ran abruptly into a rag-tag mob of young men and teenage boys screaming with hate and chasing a middle-aged Igbo man. The man stumbled onto the ground between the bank and a small shop. The sun reflected off of the Benue River in the background. I learned later that an Igbo man at that same time had been hiding in the river grass for almost a week waiting for a “friendly” boat to come by and take him down river to safety.
     I ran over to the Igbo man and found him unconscious; I could see only the whites of his eyes. When I tried to lift him, I noticed fresh blood oozing from the crown of his head. The leader of the mob shouted out to me, “Batuuree [White man], what you want? This man be your brother?”
     I shouted something I’ve long forgotten, and the mob’s leader answered, “Go away, Batuuree. This is our business.”
     While I was trying to get help from onlookers to get the man to the hospital, the mob edged closer. Some held rocks and clubs; others swung machetes. I realized that they were not as disorganized as they looked. I also matured a hundred years in those five or ten minutes. I knew I could not save the man. What I could do, I realized, was to look for some Igbo friends in other parts of the town and drive them to safety.
     For about three hours, I raced around on my Honda 50 looking for friends. I only managed to transport three people to the airport so they could escape by plane to the northern capital of Kano. One of those I took to the airport was Israel, the young Igbo who worked for me at my house. Unfortunately, the newspaper headlines the following day read that Northern army troops had mounted planes at the Kano airport and killed all Igbo passengers.

My own three years in the Army, after my experience in Nigeria, seemed almost a mockery of the suffering and agony I saw in Nigeria while teaching with the Peace Corps. Although I know that my experience does not rival the heroism and tragedy of Vietnam, the life lessons are similar. The Nigerian tragedy taught me that I couldn’t change the world. For the first time in my life I began to understand that I am only accountable to my own conscience. And becoming an adult means living with the anguish of our personal limitations and failures.

This article appeared in the Winter, 2005 issue of Writers Against War at

Tony Zurlo is a writer/educator living in Arlington, Texas. His poetry, short fiction, and non-fiction have appeared in dozens of journals, magazines, newspapers, and anthologies. He has published books on Vietnam, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Japanese Americans, West Africa, and Algeria.

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